Enzymes - Betagalactosdase

Beta-galactosidase, also called beta-gal or Beta-gal, is a hydrolase enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of Beta-galactosides into monosaccharides. Substrates of different Beta-galactosidases include ganglioside GM1, lactosylceramides, lactose, and various glycoproteins.

The active site of Beta-galactosidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of its disaccharide substrate via "shallow" and "deep" binding. Monovalent potassium ions (K+) as well as divalent magnesium ions (Mg2+) are required for the enzyme's optimal activity. The beta-linkage of the substrate is cleaved by a terminal carboxyl group on the side chain of a glutamic acid.